Understanding The Federal Criminal Court System
I understand that the criminal federal court system can be complicated and overwhelming, especially if you have been accused of a federal crime. I am a former federal prosecutor, I founded the Law Offices of Peter Katz to defend those accused of federal crimes and to defend and protect the rights of clients throughout New York and New Jersey.
From Criminal Investigation To Prosecution
Any criminal case begins with an investigation. The federal government has many different investigatory agencies. From the IRS to the FBI, each different agency is tasked with protecting United States citizens from different kinds of criminal activity. Once a case has been investigated by a special agent, the investigatory agency will turn the case over to the U.S. Attorney’s Office for prosecution by the Department of Justice (DOJ).
Magistrate And District Court Judges
A magistrate judge works for the federal district court judges. A magistrate judge will conduct the preliminary proceedings in a criminal case as delegated by the district court judge, as well as handle any misdemeanor cases. They may handle bail and arraignment proceedings or any pretrial motion as directed by the federal district court judge. A federal district court judge is appointed by the President of the United States and is appointed for life. A federal district court judge will oversee a wide range of cases, including:
- White collar crime matters
- Drug trafficking or distribution
- Federal firearms and weapons charges
- Health care fraud cases
A federal district court judge will also handle the sentencing proceedings once a criminal has been convicted of a crime.
Schedule A Free Consultation With A Federal Defense Attorney
Whether you have been contacted by federal investigators as a potential witness in a criminal investigation or if you are facing criminal charges yourself, I can protect your rights. I offer prospective clients a free, confidential initial consultation. To schedule your free appointment, call my office at 609-900-2648 or send me an inquiry using my online form.